Health Facts: Periodontal Disease

Did you know that 78% of the adult population has some form of periodontal disease?

When gums become infected and inflamed from periodontal disease, bacteria in plaque can spread and grow below the gum line. The bacteria can then enter into the blood stream and travel to major organs and begin new infections. Ongoing research suggests that periodontal disease is linked to heart disease, osteoporosis, and diabetes.

What Causes Gum Disease?

Plaque is the primary cause of gum disease. However, other factors can contribute to periodontal disease. These include:

  • Hormonal changes make it easier for gingivitis to develop.
  • Illnesses may affect the condition of your gums. This includes diseases such as cancer or HIV that interfere with the immune system. Because diabetes affects the body’s ability to use blood sugar, patients with this disease are at higher risk of developing infections, including periodontal disease and cavities.
  • Medications can affect oral health, because some lessen the flow of saliva, which has a protective effect on teeth and gums.\
  • Bad habits such as smoking make it harder for gum tissue to repair itself.
  • Poor oral hygiene habits such as not brushing and flossing on a daily basis.
  • Family history of dental disease can be a contributing factor.

If your gums bleed or teeth look longer, contact us to discuss your periodontal health. Request an appointment or call our office at (608) 781-3999 to schedule a personal consultation during your next visit.

This article was written by Valley Dental

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